SAN QUINTIN, MEXICO: Albacore stayed on the "Wanted List," but yellowfin tuna and a teaser of dorado showed up for boats out of Bahía de San Quintin over the weekend, as water temperatures hit 70 degrees only 17 miles out.
SAN QUINTIN, MEXICO: On Sunday afternoon, Kelly Catian of El Capitan Sportfishing said the fleet caught about 20 yellowfin tuna and "maybe 3 or 4 dorado," plus "tons" of yellowtail.
SAN QUINTIN, MEXICO: Hector Villavicencio, speaking for Pete Hillis of Pedro's Pangas, said the tuna averaged about 18 pounds, and the weather was beautiful and sunny, with some morning fog and no wind.
SAN QUINTIN, MEXICO: Jim Harer of the Old Mill Hotel said, "The skipjack tuna are also here in droves, so you have to work to catch the yellowfin." Harer said water temperatures were mostly 68 to 69 degrees. "This place is exploding with boats. People need to be sure and make reservations." Large lingcod were also being taken.
SAN QUINTIN, MEXICO: Earlier, John Gilkerson of Cypress, CA and Jim Bentley fished two days out of the Old Mill on Gilkerson's boat, A-SALT-WEAPON, for mixed results in breezy conditions: "We trolled from 12 to 20 miles off the point in 64 to 66-degree water that looked fishy but wasn't. We scratched 1 yellowtail off a kelp patty. About noon we headed to the 240 Spot for a big lingcod.
"The next day we made another load of great bait and started at the 240. We caught several more nice lings and Jim got his all-time biggest calico, 7.5 pounds, which we released.
"While we were drifting the 240, a large school of yellowtail with some bonito mixed in started boiling on a huge bait ball suspended over the pinnacle. We tried to get them to take a mackerel, but even if you tossed one right into the froth of their boils they would not cooperate. In frustration, we watched the school explode on the bait every 10 or 15 minutes for a couple of hours.
"We later moved on to Ben's rock for, guess what, more big lings. To sum it up, the tuna have taken a vacation, but as always, there are fish to catch at San Quintin."
SAN QUINTIN, MEXICO: Earlier, Curt Collier, Steve Button, and his friend, Jeannie, fished with Chino's Sportfishing out of Cielito Lindo for a good catch of albacore of 22 to 28 pounds, catching more than half their fish with an orange-gold MirrOlure. "We scored on pink and Mexican flag feathers," Collier said, "a pink hoochie, and a dorado cedar plug, but by far, the hot ticket was an orange-gold MirrOlure! Twelve of the 21 fish, including the yellowtail, were taken on the MirrOlure."
SAN QUINTIN, MEXICO: Kelly Catian of El Capitan Sportfishing also said he rescued an angler in another boat who had suffered a seizure while fishing. After answering a mayday radio call from the man's companion, Catain said, "The young man said the guy was blue and that they were lost and didn't know how to get back to the point!
"I told him to turn on the GPS and ran him through the steps to give me his position. When I got to them the injured person was conscious but in shock. I coordinated with Alberto 'Tiburon' Flores to have an ambulance sent to the point. As we arrived, Tiburon was there with the paramedics. As we were about to get the man off the boat, he had another seizure! He was sent to Ensenada for emergency treatment. Special thanks to Tiburon for always being there. He's helped a lot of people over the years and is usually first to respond to a distress call."
ENSENADA, MEXICO: Sergio Susarrey of Sergio's Ensenada Sportfishing Center reported on 89 anglers with a catch of: 1 yellowtail, 1 bluefin tuna, 1 dorado, and 312 albacore. Boats were continuing to fish 25 to 30 miles off Isla Todos Santos.
ENSENADA, MEXICO: Ivan Villarino of Vonny's Fleet reported mostly sunny weather and water temperatures averaging 64 degrees at the tip of Punta Banda. Pangas continued to land limits of lingcod, rockcod, and sandbass, as did Jose Luis Reynosa Bustamante from Los Mochis, Sinaloa and his family from Tijuana.
ENSENADA, MEXICO: Alejandro Rosas, Ivan Hernandez, Carlos Cortez and Mario Zepeda fished on Cortez' boat La Conquistadora for limits of albacore of 20 to 25 pounds, 30 miles southwest of Ensenada, in water temperatures of 70 to 72 degrees.
ENSENADA, MEXICO: Steve Ross of the Pescadores de Ensenada at Marina Coral said the date for the party on Isla Todos Santos has been changed to Aug. 24. Twenty-one club members were paid up for the barbecue lunch on the island.
PUERTO SANTO TOMAS, MEXICO: Dennis Spike of Coastal Kayak Fishing had 15 kayaks and 19 people in his group at Sam Saenz' Puerto Santo Tomas Resort, and said, "If you like kayak fishing, Puerto Santo Tomas is the place." The main catch was lingcod to 8 pounds, assorted rock fish, a 10-pound calico bass released, sheephead, cabezon, and ocean whitefish to 6 pounds. A 160-pound black sea bass was landed by a panga.
"The water here is packed with bait, mostly anchovy, but the fish are still biting," Spike said. "As usual, Sam and Juanita made sure everything was perfectly attended to and that a good time was had by all."
MAGDALENA BAY, MEXICO: Gary Graham of Baja On The Fly said there was good action on firecracker yellowtail under birds all week at the entrada. Skipjack and bonito were mixed in, and halibut were also present on the beaches at Punta Belcher. San Carlos weather was calm and clear in the low-90s, with water temperatures of 67 to 73 degrees.
CABO SAN LUCAS, MEXICO: Capt. George Landrum of Fly Hooker Sportfishing said Cabo weather was hot and humid in the high-90s, with some afternoon swells. Water temperatures near shore were as warm as 85 to 86 degrees about 20 miles offshore. Billfish action remained on the slow side, and most of the catch was yellowfin tuna averaging about 20 pounds. Four purse seiners were working the area, Landrum said.
CABO SAN LUCAS, MEXICO: Mike Hebert of Reel Easy Sportfishing called it an "up and down week for us." Eight boats had a catch including released fish of: 20 yellowfin tuna, 2 striped marlin, 1 blue marlin, and 2 bonita. Most of the week's fishing was from the arch to 30 miles off the Gordo Banks, and the tuna ranged from footballs to 45 pounds.
CABO SAN LUCAS, MEXICO: Tommy Garcia of Cabo Magic reported on 72 boats with a catch including released fish of: 4 blue marlin, 23 striped marlin, 3 sailfish, 297 yellowfin tuna, 9 dorado, 2 wahoo, 1 mako shark, and 6 giant squid.
CABO SAN LUCAS, MEXICO: Solmar Fleet reported on 103 boats chartered with a catch including released fish of: 38 striped marlin, 18 blue marlin to 350 pounds, 8 sailfish, 62 yellowfin tuna, and 23 bonito.
CABO SAN LUCAS, MEXICO: Larry Edwards of Cortez Yacht Charters said Gaviota Fleet had a catch including released fish of: 1 blue marlin, 14 striped marlin, 3 sailfish, 4 wahoo, 2 dorado, and 199 yellowfin tuna. The tuna were school-sized to about 30 pounds, and were found with porpoise.
CABO SAN LUCAS, MEXICO: At Pisces Fleet, Tracy Ehrenberg said the billfish catch including released fish was: 17 striped marlin, 13 blue marlin, 1 black marlin, and 7 sailfish. A few wahoo and more than 200 yellowfin tuna were also caught, mostly under 40 pounds. Forty-six percent of Pisces boats caught billfish, and 84 percent landed all species combined. The best fishing was on the Cortez side, out to 40 miles off Punta Gorda.
CABO SAN LUCAS, MEXICO: Bill Lynd and his wife Patty of Bishop, CA fished 3 days with Capt. Ramon on the panga Cheers, for action described as "slow to say the least."
"We managed 5 skipjack each day on Rapalas and hoochies," Lynd said. They also got into a school of 50-pound class yellowfin jumping 2 to 3 miles off El Pedregal, but couldn't hook up. Lynd said he's fished 4 years with Ramon, who charges $25 per hour, 011-52-624-110-0767.
SAN JOSE DEL CABO, MEXICO: Luis Duhart of Palmilla Bay Sportfishing said fishing was just plain slow. "Slow season and water cold," he said. "Nothing to report for now."
SAN JOSE DEL CABO, MEXICO: At Gordo Banks Pangas, Eric Brictson reported green inshore water, with temperatures in the high-70s to low-80s. Summer swell conditions continued favorable for pangas launching from La Playita. Bait was limited in supply. Offshore action was hit-or-miss. Inshore and on the beaches, roosterfish of 20 to 30 pounds were caught on live mullet, mixed with some jack crevalle, pargo, and sierra. Surf fishing featured one, 40-pound snook landed at 11 p.m. in front of the San Jose Estuary, and a rare tripletail also landed at night in the same area.
SAN JOSE DEL CABO, MEXICO: John Snow of San Diego and his friend Dave fished out of La Playita 3 days on Capt. Pata's panga Salome, finding clear, 83-degree water and flat seas. Fishing the bottom with yo-yo jigs, and the surface and bottom with mullet, they reported: 2 bonito to 20 pounds, 1 yellowfin tuna of 40 pounds, 1 dorado of 15 pounds, 20 barred serrano, 22 yellow snapper to 10 pounds, 2 red snapper of 8 pounds, 19 whitefish to 5 pounds, 1 hogfish, 1 sculpin, and 1 cabrilla.
In the surf, they fished with cut squid for: 1 chino mero, 2 sergeant majors, "many" spotted hamlet on #4 hooks, 3 silver croaker, 1 whitefish, and 1 balloonfish.
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: Chris Moyers of East Cape Smoke House reported on 234 boats from combined fleets including the Van Wormer Resorts of Palmas de Cortez, Playa de Sol, and Punta Colorada, with a catch including released fish of: 28 blue marlin, 48 striped marlin, 1 black marlin, 46 sailfish, 126 dorado, 309 yellowfin tuna, 4 pargo, 2 wahoo, 1 amberjack, and 2 roosterfish. East Cape fishing was generally slow and scattered. "The dorado count remains an embarrassment," Moyers said. "The tuna count has also fallen off considerably over the last few weeks. Not very many big ones either."
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: At Rancho Buena Vista, Tami Moyeous said 35 boats had a catch including released fish of: 4 striped marlin, 8 blue marlin, 6 sailfish, 6 roosterfish, 12 dorado, and 42 tuna. "Hot and somewhat muggy days," Moyeous said.
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: Buena Vista Beach Resort reported on 84 boats with a catch including released fish of: 4 blue marlin, 1 black marlin, 11 striped marlin, 6 sailfish, 34 dorado, 29 tuna, 1 wahoo, 10 roosterfish, 14 snapper, 3 jack crevalle, 1 amberjack, 9 bonita, 1 yellowtail, 61 triggerfish, and 13 cabrilla. East Cape weather was in the low-90s, with light breezes and water temperatures of 80 to 82 degrees. Fishing was scattered in all direction.
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: At Rancho Leonero, John Ireland reported fishing on the upswing, "as tuna returned in numbers this week, with some nice dorado, big roosterfish, and even a blue marlin off a kayak rounding out the fare."
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: Jon Schwartz of Carlsbad, CA had an unusual catch out of Rancho Leonero, landing a 200-pound blue marlin during a combo panga-kayak trip. Schwartz said he loaded his rental kayak in the front of a hotel panga and headed out trolling. He said, "When one got hit, my panguero Rene dumped my yak in water. I handed the rod to him, got in yak, he handed me the cane, and then the marlin appeared, greyhounding away from me."
Schwartz was towed around for an hour, and finally brought the tail-wrapped marlin up after it died deep.
"Not pure kayak fishing, since I hooked it trolling," Schwartz said. "Nevertheless, pretty wild."
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: Karen Kennedy of East Cape Tackle said 44 boats competed in the Bisbee's 4th Annual East Cape Offshore Tournament at Palmas de Cortez, Aug. 5-9. She said the top $56,400 purse was won by the Dos Amigos, which actually finished second in the billfish category with a 466-pound marlin. The Dos Amigos was penalized for an undersized marlin, so the category was actually won by No Problem, with a purse of $29,384.
A purse of $14,600 went to the Cabo San Lucas boat, Karma, in the combined tuna and dorado category, for a 50.6-pound yellowfin tuna. No dorado were weighed.
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: Mark Rayor of the Vista Sea Sport dive service said a rare tiger shark was spotted at Cabo Pulmo last week. "At first, we thought it was a juvenile whale shark, but as we approached and got a better look, it was obviously a tiger," Rayor said. Cabo Pulmo conditions were excellent, with water temperatures of 85 degrees on the surface and 79 degrees at depth. Other sightings included heavy concentrations of manta rays, large grouper, and schools of jacks.
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: Bob Adams of Folsom, CA and 3 friends fishing 3 days out of Hotel Punta Colorada on pangas and the cruisers Pez Gallo and Wahoo III for wide-open yellowfin tuna action 45 to 60 miles out, on cedar plugs, white-blue feathers, and hoochies. Adams said the better fish, to about 50 pounds, were mixed with porpoise feeding on squid, and hit the cedar plugs.
Inshore panga fishing resulted in 4 chicken dorado, some skipjack, and a 40-45 pound roosterfish caught by Patrick Avelino.
"It was a good thing we opted to stay in," Adams said. "Our panguero told us he heard the seiners had moved in on the tuna, and sure enough, the boats that made the long ride came back mostly skunked, although one boat found a few."
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: Gary Furness of Santa Rosa, CA fished 3 days out of Hotel Playa del Sol on the Alma Rosa III for: 2 blue marlin, 21 tuna, football to 88 pounds; 1 dorado of 48 pounds; and 1 sailfish. Furness called the 88-pound tuna a "humbling" experience, and said the sailfish hit a cedar plug dead in the water beside the boat. Another blue marlin estimated at 300 pounds was lost on 20-pound line after it hit a flylined mackerel. "After less than 2 minutes, my bait was just obliterated," Furness said. "Bocho fires up the boat, I set the hook. A beautiful blue goes ballistic. Bocho calmly asks what pound test I have, and I tell him, 'you have got a big problem.'" Furness said they actually got the fish to leader 3 times before it broke off. "What a day to end the trip!"
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: Brant Beck and his wife Kathy of Alta Loma, CA had a great trip out of Palmas de Cortez, but lost their tuna fillets during a power outage after a lightning storm. "This is the amazing part," Beck said. Chucky Van Wormer, whose family owns the resort, happened to be coming to San Diego, and personally brought the Becks replacement tuna fillets, plus a "large quantity of smoked tuna" as a bonus. "In these times when customer service is a lost art, a gesture such as this should be recognized," Beck said. "We will be back to visit again!"
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: John Reyes of San Jose, CA and his son Andrew got a good look at East Cape, fishing from the beach, docks, and pangas, snorkeling, handlining, and kayak fishing. "About the only thing we didn't try was fishing from boogie or surf boards or life jacket fishing," Reyes said. Their catch included a nice jack in front of Hotel Punta Colorada, and a 40-50 pound roosterfish that was caught in a net cast for mullet.
EAST CAPE, MEXICO: Gary Graham of Baja On The Fly said East Cape water temperatures were 79 to 86 degrees and the offshore fishing was slow: "Our mainstay, yellowfin tuna, moved so far offshore that by the time you found them no one could remember the way home." Inshore fishing was also slow on pargo, ladyfish, and even triggerfish. On the beaches good action was found on ladyfish in from the Buena Vista Beach Resort.
LA PAZ, MEXICO: Gerardo Hernandez of Tortuga Sportfishing said fishing on the Las Arenas side was slow. Pangas were hanging around Ensenada de los Muertos, landing some dorado of 25 to 30 pounds, with one at 40 pounds. "We have no other choice right now," Hernandez said. "It's slow." Las Arenas water temperatures averaged 86 degrees.
LA PAZ, MEXICO: Jonathan Rolden of Tail Hunter International said some dorado were caught at La Ventana and El Sargento, in addition to the larger ones south of Ensenada de los Muertos. A few anglers also targeted roosterfish on both sides of the lighthouse. On the La Paz side, Roldan said it was possible to find hot action on dorado, once they were located.
LA PAZ, MEXICO: Mino Shiba of Mosquito Fleet said there are good numbers of dorado in all sizes to be found on the La Paz side. "We found a small spot with current like last year, and a few sargassos," Shiba said, "but we also put out buoys, and they've got a lot of bait and dorado."
Shiba said some boats limited out, and others hit a crazy striped marlin bite, releasing 2 to 4 per day. Water temperatures on the La Paz side were 83 to 86 degrees. Some large black marlin were seen at El Bajo, and bait was not a problem. At the San Evaristo fish camp, large tuna were caught at Isla Santa Cruz, and dorado were "everywhere around the island."
LA PAZ, MEXICO: Don Sunseri of Thousand Oaks, CA and Brian Haueter fished with David Jones' Fisherman's Fleet, where Haueter caught a 220-pound blue marlin between Islas Espiritu Santo and Cerralvo, Sunseri said. The big fish hit a bleeding mackerel trolling head.
LORETO, MEXICO: Guille Mendoza of the Sportfishing Panguero Cooperativa at the launch ramp said 14 pangas this week caught almost 100 dorado, releasing many. Twenty-four of 28 sailfish were also released. "The people are real happy," Mendoza said. Cooperativa pangas were still fishing north, in the San Bruno area, and the weather was "nice but hot."
LORETO, MEXICO: Pam Bolles of Baja Big Fish Company said, "The humidity is so thick, you can almost cut it." Dorado were hitting live mackerel or squid strips about 15 miles off Punta Lobos, with some fish over 50 pounds.
LORETO, MEXICO: Arturo Susarrey of Arturo's Sportfishing said Loreto was in the high-80s. Some quality yellowfin tuna schools showed up off Punta Lobos, but most were lost because anglers were not rigged for them. "They were surprised by these big tuna," Susarrey said, adding that Terry Turmes and his friend caught a 130 pounder and hooked up 2 more big tuna, but preferred to break them off rather than fight them.
Recent rains washed debris into the sea, resulting in more dorado action, Susarrey said, on fish to 46 pounds. Marlin and sailfish counts were good, and yellowtail continued at La Vaca on north Isla Carmen. Bait continued in short supply compared to the demand, and was selling out early.
LORETO, MEXICO: Don Bear of Loreto and Ray Harper of Lemon Grove, CA fish with Capts. Francisco and Paulino Martinez for 4 days, and landed 22 dorado and 1 sailfish. On their best day, Bear said, they kept 4 dorado of 15 to 30 pounds, and released 8, with everything caught on sardina netted at the marina. A surprise torito on Tuesday had 23 pangas taking shelter on the beach at Isla Coronado. Bear reported mackerel selling out by 6 a.m.
LORETO, MEXICO: Jim Tolbert said the derelict minesweeper due to be sunk off Puerto Escondido was still tied up at the dock. Tolbert reported that Ty Miller of El Fuerte Sportfishing said the project was stalled, as some wanted the boat sunk off Isla Coronado instead.
LORETO, MEXICO: Alejandro Rosas of Tijuana's Club de Pesca Deportiva said club member Joe de Anda and his sons Karim and Yamil fished on De Anda's boat Pepe Lupe for limits of dorado to 42 pounds, plus 1 striped marlin, and 3 sailfish released. Water temperatures averaged 78 degrees, Rosas said.
LORETO, MEXICO: Craige Harvey said his trip reported last week was aboard La Vyvyan, a 21 footer belonging to Dent and Kent Deal.
MULEGE, MEXICO: Diana Johnson of the historic Hotel Serenidad said the weather was very hot and windy with some rain, and the fishing continued "still bad."
MULEGE, MEXICO: Jim Mori of Sonora, CA noted the virtual disappearance of the gulf sierra, Scomberomorus concolor, in the Sea of Cortez, where they were once listed (1987) as the ninth most common fish of 53 species taken at Bahía Concepción by four Mexican fisheries investigators. "As far as I can tell, the ones I took at San Bruno in 1994 were the last of the Mohicans," Mori said.
BAHIA DE LOS ANGELES, MEXICO: Mike Steele of San Diego said he made a quick "dodo run" to Bahía de los Angeles, fishing on a Sammy Diaz panga out of Camp Gecko, but got only yellowtail: "We made bait, 25-30 nice sardines and mackerel. Headed south towards Animas. Saw plenty of 15 to 20-pound skipjack in the water, jumping and hitting all trolling lures until I had to bring them in.
"Nice sargasso, slicks, structure in the area. Three yellowtail in the 20-pound range, hitting each drop, mixed with 5 to 6-pound bass. Got spooled on 30-pound test.
"Doc went north to Smith Island and the reef area and nailed limits of dorados for his clients. Guess I'm gonna have to make another run down. I now have an excuse to return and chase the dodos."
SAN FELIPE, MEXICO: Fily "Iceman" Espinoza of the Tony Reyes Fishing Tours reported on the 6-day trip panga mothership Jose Andres, returning to San Felipe on Aug. 8 with a catch of: 258 yellowtail, 22 to 27 pounds; 3 grouper, 65 to 81 pounds; 11 dorado, 12 to 14 pounds; 135 cabrilla, 10 to 18.5 pounds; 8 red snapper, 10 to 13 pounds; 8 broomtail grouper, 12 to 25.5 pounds; and limits of spotted bay bass. Two grouper of 25 to 30 pounds were released, and Midriff water temperatures were 75 to 80 degrees.
SAN FELIPE, MEXICO: Dana Kerby reported that the panga mothership Erik of Baja Sportfishing, Inc. returned to San Felipe on Aug. 7 with a catch of: 206 yellowtail, 217 cabrilla, 8 pargo, 93 dorado, and 207 miscellaneous species including giant squid. The Erik fished at San Francisquito, San Esteban, San Lorenzo, Partida, Refugio Bay, Puerto Escondido, and Golden Reef, finding water temperatures averaging 78 degrees and "pretty good weather with just a little wind."
ROCKY POINT (PUERTO PENASCO), MEXICO: Mexico's Secretary of Natural Resources, Victor Lictinger, was rumored to be planning to visit the northern Sea of Cortez area this fall, possibly in conjunction with the anticipated problems of forcing the Cucupah Indians to stop shrimp fishing inside the nucleus zone of the Alto Golfo Biosphere Reserve when the season opens on Sept. 15.
ROCKY POINT (PUERTO PENASCO), MEXICO: Jim Davis, Dinah Chambers, and Dwayne Rhea of Yuma fished out of Puerto Peñasco on his boat Hammer Time, running about 40 miles out in flat seas and water temperatures of 86 to 87 degrees, to catch 9 female dorado and a few firecracker yellowtail from weed paddies. Davis also reported lots of black skipjack and some log-sized needlefish, plus many sierra caught another day north of town. Also noted were a "massive bloom" of small agua mala, or Portuguese man-of-war jellyfish whose tentacles flew off the line during retrieve, causing stings on the arms and other body parts. "Not exactly the time to 'fish naked,'" Davis said.
SAN CARLOS, MEXICO: Vince Radice of the Sonora Sports Center said last week that a total of 3 sperm whales were actually found in commercial gill nets last week. In addition to the female that was being sought by a flotilla of volunteers, after her dead young was cut free but she escaped still entangled in the net, Radice said he participated in the freeing of a small male sperm whale a few days later. Radice also participated in the apprehension of illegal shrimp boats that had netted 7 tons of prohibited dorado under the guise of shark fishing.
MAZATLAN, MEXICO: Larry Edwards of Cortez Yacht Charters said Aries Fleet boats out of Marina el Cid averaged 3 sailfish per day, but few anglers were in the area. Aries Fleet had a catch including released fish of: 2 blue marlin, 46 sailfish, 8 dorado, limits of red snapper, and triggerfish. Mazatlan weather was humid with showers, in the mid-90s.
IXTAPA ZIHUATANEJO, MEXICO: Paul Phillips of the Fintastic Total Tag & Release Tournament said fishing was steady, with lots of smaller blue marlin caught, and sailfish at 3 to 4 per day. Roosterfish of 30 to 40 pounds were active near shore, but few anglers were fishing.
IXTAPA ZIHUATANEJO, MEXICO: Local guide Ed Kunze said a fish similar to skipjack tuna were still in close, about 6 to 8 miles out, and the blue marlin were feeding on them. "Most of the marlin are running on the small side, with the average only being about 180 pounds," Kunze said. "At least 3 boats in 10 are hooking a blue every day."
IXTAPA ZIHUATANEJO, MEXICO: At Ixtapa Sportfishing Charters, Stan Lushinsky said the weather was humid and hot, with light breezes. Gary Graham of Baja On The Fly reported air temperatures in the low-90s, and water temperatures of 75 to 90 degrees.